Okeil: We recommend Ethiopia to abide by the implementation of what was stated in the South African talks and stop targeting civilians immediately
Asmaa Abdel Nasser: We recommend East African countries establish national councils to resolve tribal conflicts and reduce hatred
Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights monitored more than 1298 deaths of violence and terrorism, in addition to hundreds of wounded and displaced persons in Africa, throughout October. Maat’s monthly report, entitled "Lens of Terrorist Operations and Acts of Violence in Africa, October 2022", highlights all acts of terrorism, violence and tribal conflict that caused many victims, deaths and injuries, and displaced hundreds of people.
East Africa came in first place with (975) deaths, due to its conducive environment for terrorism, including the civil war in Ethiopia as well as the tribal conflicts in Sudan, which came at the forefront of the most dangerous countries this month, with nearly (407) victims.
West Africa came in second place with (203) deaths, followed by Central Africa with (37) victims, and North Africa with (19) deaths, with the majority of cases in Libya, where 15 migrants fell at the hands of armed smugglers. Finally, South Africa comes with (3) victims in South Africa.
In light of the report, Ayman Okeil, the human rights expert and President of Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights, confirmed that the bloody conflict that lasted for nearly two years in the Ethiopian region of Tigray, as well as the continued targeting of civilians, has become a direct violation of international humanitarian law and threatens the right to life.
In the same context, the human rights expert welcomed the role of the African Union in inviting the parties to the conflict to hold peaceful talks. Okeil recommended the Ethiopian government to commit to implementing the outcomes of the South African talks and to work to stop the bombing by planes and the targeting of buildings inhabited by civilians, in a way that contributes to a ceasefire and reduces the intensity of the conflict.
Asmaa Abdel Nasser, a researcher in the Sustainable Development Unit at Maat, referred to the increasing tribal violence in Sudan, specifically in the Blue Nile state, and emphasized the need to address the root causes of tribal conflict in the East African region, which threatens the security and safety of civilians. The researcher recommended the governments of Sudan and South Sudan to establish national councils to develop radical solutions to the settlement of tribal conflicts, address hate speech and racism, and centralize arbitration between tribes under the administration of the judiciary and the law, not to tribal rulers.