Maat: In August, 450 people were killed in Africa and 15,000 others were displaced, and Somalia ranks first in terms of the number of terrorist operations
Okeil: We call on all African countries to respond to the call of the Special Adviser on Africa to the UN Secretary-General for capacity-building and promoting sustainable peace across the continent
Asmaa Abdel Nasser: We call on the countries of the triangle border region of Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso to strengthen military existence there to combat terrorism
Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights confirmed in its monthly report, entitled "Lens of Terrorist Operations and Acts of Violence in Africa, August 2022", that the pace of terrorist operations and its repercussions on Africa is accelerating remarkably as a result of sheltering the most dangerous terrorist organizations in the world and its rebel group, which are scattered across the continent.
In its August issue, the Foundation recorded more than 450 deaths in Africa, not to mention the displacement of more than 15,000 people due to the violent actions. West Africa came at the forefront of the deadliest countries, with about 201 victims, then East Africa, where 129 victims, then Central Africa, where 89 victims fell, and finally, North Africa, 34 deaths. In addition to the number of regions witnessing sprawling violence, but without obtaining accurate statistics, the East African region suffers from violent acts extending between the Afar region, Amhara and Tigray regions in Ethiopia, in addition to the systematic violence in the rebellious Upper Nile region, specifically in South Sudan. The North African region is also witnessing a state of political instability in Libya.
As for the numerical distribution of victims in countries; Mali was the country with the highest number of victims with 100 deaths due to terrorist operations in the West African region, followed by Nigeria, which killed at least 58 people, and Somalia came as the last country in terms of the number of terrorist operations with 13 terrorist attacks, resulting in 50 deaths Civilian victim. Then came Libya, where military skirmishes resulted in at least 32 deaths, in addition to the injured and wounded due to political instability. Then the Republic of South Sudan, which witnessed ethnic strife that resulted in the killing of 18 people as a preliminary statistic, not to mention the displacement of at least 15,000 people from the warring Upper Nile region.
In the context of the Maat Foundation’s interest in monitoring the efforts of international mechanisms to combat terrorism, the report addressed the statement of the International Committee of Human Rights Experts in Ethiopia, which referred to the seriousness of information that civilian casualties were reported in Mekele in the Tegray region, as well as the alleged targeting of civilians in a renewed attack in Kobo in the region Amhara. For its part, the Committee called on the parties to immediately stop the fighting and return to the dialogue process, and urged the two sides to immediately take all necessary steps to allow the United Nations and other agencies to distribute humanitarian assistance in Tigray.
For his part, Ayman Aqeel confirmed; The human rights expert and head of the Maat Foundation stressed the need for African countries to respond to the call of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General for African Affairs in order to build capacities for the sustainability of peace on the continent, so Aqeel called for increasing investment in African countries’ institutions to meet the challenges of peace and security in Africa so that human rights, health and well-being Civilians are at the forefront of the priorities of all parties.
On another hand, Okeil recommended the UN peacekeeping forces to strengthen the deployment of air surveillance of the armed groups’ camps, and work to strengthen long and medium-term patrols, especially in Mali, as it is the most dangerous country during the month, in order to help neutralizing the largest number of terrorists stationed in the hot spots across Africa.
Asmaa Abdel Nasser, a researcher in the Sustainable Development Unit at Maat, called on the governments of West African countries to increase military existence in some provinces to level up the fight against terrorism and relocate some units with the aim of expanding the fight against terrorism. Nasser called on all West African countries, particularly the countries of the triangle border region of Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso to strengthen military existence there to combat terrorism in the region.