Maat Releases the April 2021 Monthly Report on Terrorist Operations in Africa
Okeil: The civil war in Ethiopia may escalate into a conflict between more ethnicities if the current conflicts do not stop
Basant Essam: The current Darfur conflict must be placed at the top of the Sudanese government's agenda
Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights has released its monthly report entitled “Terrorist Operations in Africa”, which highlighted the most prominent terrorist operations and the counter-terrorism efforts in Africa throughout April 2021, tracked down terrorist groups, and came up with recommendations and assessments of the current and future security situation in the African continent.
The report covered, in detail, the major terrorist operations that took place in April 2021, in each of the five regions of the continent. At least 59 bloody attacks have been launched throughout the month causing the death of at least 886 people, and the injury of at least 265 others. Ethnic conflicts marked the majority of these attacks.
With an estimated 586 casualties, East Africa reported the highest number of terrorist operations. For the second month in a raw, Ethiopia topped the list of the bloodiest countries and worst affected by terrorism, with more than 364 deaths. Nigeria came third in the list of African countries worst affected by terrorism and first in the western region of the continent, with nearly 109 deaths due to the gruesome series of mass killings carried out by the Boko Haram terrorist group. In the same context, Chad has successfully get rid of 340 terrorist figures after the violent events in the country.
In this regard, Ayman Okeil, the human rights expert and the president of Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights, stated that the civil war in Ethiopia continues to flare up between different ethnicities. Hundreds of innocent civilians are getting killed and thousands others are getting displaced. "Okeil" stressed the need to open urgent investigations into the ongoing killings of civilians. The human rights expert also recommended the Ethiopian government to put an end to the deadly clashes triggered by racial and ethnic disparities, which may escalate into a fully-destructive civil war, sparing no Ethiopian citizen behind. Therefore, the ongoing impunity in the country must be ended.
Basant Essam El-Din, a researcher at the African Affairs and Sustainable Development Unit at Maat, pointed out the seriousness of the security situation in the Darfur region in Sudan, after the escalation of bloody attacks in light of the failure to activate the peace agreement signed recently by some parties. The researcher recommended the Sudanese transitional government to put the current Darfur crisis on the list of its political and security priorities, and work to activate the principles of the peace agreement signed in Juba to ensure the security and safety of the population of the region, which has become one of the bloodiest spots in Africa.
Notably, Africa is among the issues of concern to Maat for Peace, Development and Human rights, being a member of the General Assembly for the Economic, Social & Cultural Council (ECOSOCC) of the Africa Union (AU). Moreover, Maat serves as an Observer in The African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR) and as a Northern African Coordinator in the major Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Africa of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA).